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Clay School
West Virginia


City of Wheeling


East Wheeling



development budget:



86,000 sq. ft.

building uses:



Clay School, a prominent educational institution, was constructed during the tumultuous period of World War II and swiftly evolved into a central hub of learning in the historic city of Wheeling, West Virginia. The school's establishment marked a significant milestone in the educational landscape of the region, providing students with access to modern facilities and a well-rounded education. The school's architectural breadth was evidenced by its impressive 35 rooms, which included not only standard classrooms but also boasted an auditorium and a gymnasium, further enhancing its capacity to nurture a holistic educational experience.

As the mid-1990s approached, a pivotal juncture in the school's history emerged. Changing demographics, evolving educational trends, and infrastructural challenges prompted the decision to close the doors of Clay School. The halls that had once reverberated with youthful energy and the pursuit of knowledge fell silent, and the institution that had played a pivotal role in the lives of so many was left vacant. As the building sat empty for several years, it became a symbol of disinvestment in East Wheeling.

Despite its closure, the physical presence of Clay School endured as a steadfast pillar within the Wheeling community. The edifice itself, a testament to historical significance, continued to grace the cityscape, a constant reminder of its storied past.


Clay School holds immense historical and cultural significance for the Wheeling community. It not only served as an educational institution but also as a gathering place for various community events and celebrations. Its architectural beauty and prominent location make it a notable landmark, anchoring the neighborhood's heritage. The school's closure coincided with an economically difficult time for Wheeling. The school's location directly in the middle of residential East Wheeling meant its students and alumni watched the building's deterioration. Preserving Clay School ensures that future generations can appreciate its historical importance and understand the city's educational legacy.


Recognizing the value of Clay School, a collaborative effort between local authorities, community organizations, and preservationists has been initiated to reimagine the future of the building. The future of the Clay School building will be determined by the costs associated with either a tear down and new development, or a renovation to the current building. This initiative represents a powerful collaboration between local authorities, dedicated community organizations, and passionate preservationists, all uniting with a shared vision to breathe new life into the East Wheeling Community.


In efforts to ensure voices of all ages, backgrounds, and ties to the Clay School were heard, Tipping Point distributed a survey to the Wheeling community. From neighbors of the building to former students and employees of the Clay School, information regarding the future of the building was gathered from over 1,100 respondents. Regardless of relation to the building, many respondents wanted the building to be saved, or "just want something positive to occur" with the property.

The redevelopment of Clay School envisions a multi-purpose space that meets the diverse needs of the community. Potential solutions include transforming the building for municipal uses. Additionally, the school's spacious interior and grounds can be used for community events, performances, and educational programs, fostering a sense of community engagement and lifelong learning.

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